A Conceptual Ecosystem Solution to Transport System Management

Future Mobility - FinEst Large Pilot - FinEst Centre for Smart Cities

Raivo Sell.jpg

Project Leader

Prof. Raivo Sell

Krister Kalda.jpg

Project Manager

Krister Kalda

The idea of the project is to create an x-road of mobility solutions. People living in rural areas and in need of transportation, can order on-demand first mile/last mile self-driving buses or use electric scooters to get conveniently to the bigger transport nodes, where the passengers can choose between different public transport options. Several innovative systems and services need to be developed within the pilot, in close collaboration with the city officials, urban transport and mobility and IT experts, researchers and scientists. 


As most of the counties in Estonia can be described as sparsely populated, the local governments are struggling to offer high quality public transport with traditional methods and are growing more and more interested in innovative on-demand services, that automated vehicles (AVs) are able to offer. A vast number of first/last mile AVs are needed to cover the test areas, therefore our Future Mobility project involves building autonomous vehicle shuttles from used and out-of-service electric-cars. The Future Mobility urban pilot lead, professor Raivo Sell (also a Self-driving vehicles and autonomous systems research group leader at TalTech), says: "We have managed to build well-functioning autonomous vehicles and they are already rolling on the streets. Now it's time to take them to the next level - integrate AVs into the real traffic, to serve passengers”.

Future Mobility project offers a great opportunity to enhance the collaboration between scientists and local governments, developing innovative and sustainable mobility solutions that help to solve some of the major problems in the cities, meliorating the connections between the cities and peri-urban areas, county centres and the surrounding rural areas, in a way that answers best the actual needs of the citizens.


As the next step, Future Mobility pilot is developing a Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS) type of platform with user-interface, allowing the passengers to plan the rout from home to the destination with different mobility options. Therefore, sharing the timetables for different public transport and calculating the time that the journey takes, allowing to buy tickets and finally making it possible to start the journey by ordering an AV to their doorstep. International destinations are also allowed, making it possible to plan a journey from e.g., Rae parish home to Helsinki via ships leaving the Port of Tallinn. Nevertheless, the main focus of the Future Mobility project is on the national mobility hubs.

The Future Mobility team in collaboration with other stakeholders decided to create mini-hubs, to test the proposed solution, in (1) Rae Parish; (2) Port of Tallinn and (3) Ülemiste City (the planned future location for Rail Baltic international railway station).

As a result of this pilot project, a developed MaaS type of platform will be developed and tested in real-life context, a roadmap and a toolkit provided for other cities and regions interested in similar solution.


On top of the main solution, we are setting up and integrating sensors, embedding AI, to collect data while driving (road condition alerts, problems on the side of the roads, wrongfully parked cars etc). Several innovative solutions need to be further developed to make the urban traffic more functional and better corresponding to the actual mobility needs of both the people and the cities, so the plan is also to test some adaptive traffic control systems.


The final outcome of the project will be a future city model tested in the real urban environment and an implementation toolkit for cities and urban areas all over the world. Project main partners are the City of Tallinn and Rae Parish, as well as a wide circle of supporting external partners in public, private and non-profit sectors. Jaagup Ainsalu, Mobility Manager in Tallinn says that this project is valuable because Tallinn is looking for mobility options that allow to integrate different kinds of mobility into one service and to build a working MaaS solution for the citizens. Rae Parish deputy manager Tanel Tammela comments that "It is extremely valuable for Rae Parish to participate in this project, as it corresponds to the needs of our residents, who have settled in Rae parish during the last ten years – being innovative, forward-looking and supporting/using demand-based services. Transportation options should be available when you need them, not when the schedule says so." 

ISEauto Tallinn Photo credit FABULOS project_MG_2067.jpg
ISEauto Tallinn Photo credit FABULOS project_MG_1352.jpg
ISEauto Tallinn Photo credit FABULOS project_MG_2021.jpg


The pilot project is 100% financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research.

Learn more about the project!

Research & Innovation Seminar “Designing traffic systems with autonomous vehicle  – modelling a zone, attitudes of people, and technical and legal reality”

"Behavioral models, synthetic population and public database" by Serio Agriesti (Aalto University)

The presentation focuses on describing the results obtained so far for the city of Tallinn (Estonia) and listing the research questions to be tackled in future works. The first part describes the developed synthetic dataset representing a statistical equivalent of the Tallinn population, relevant distributions are reported and the validation effort is detailed. Then, the presentation reports how the behavioral modeling architecture of the SimMobility software may be exploited to build activity schedules for the whole population, framing mobility patterns in different scenarios. Finally, the research directions opened by developing the synthetic dataset and/or building the SimMobility model are reported and described. These are: Modeling of hybrid and remote working patterns in different scenarios; accessibility studies and social justice assessment; modeling of future mobility systems through Agent Based Modeling

"Where autonomous vehicles could have positive effects in public transport" by Dago Antov (TalTech)

The mobility survey of Rae municipality residents was conducted in the scope of the Future Transport Ecosystem Management Solution project. It is a project funded by FinEst Centre for Smart Cities, Smart City Challenge 2020. The survey was conducted online, within the residents of Rae municipality having the opportunity to answer the questionnaire using a desktop computer, laptop, smartphone, and other means. A total of 819 residents responded to the questionnaire during the period 21.04.2021 to 2.06.2021. 

The questions were shared between the following blocks: - Mobility means; - Public attitudes towards tram network development in Rae municipality; - Public attitudes and understanding towards autonomous vehicles; - Proposals for the development of mobility services at the municipality. Based on survey results the main key indicator was chosen as follows Public attitudes towards the autonomous vehicle usage for their everyday mobility: - 43 per cent of respondents answered positively. - 17 per cent answered negatively. - 40 per cent did not have a clear opinion.

"Technical and legal reality of Level 4 autonomous vehicles, barriers and concerns" by Raivo Sell (TalTech, Future Mobility Project Leader)

The presentation is dealing with technical and legal reality of Level 4 autonomous vehicles, barriers and concerns. The general overview about SAE autonomous driving (AD) levels and operational design domain is explained and technical characteristics of sensors used for AD is compared. Issues of Artificial Intelligence algorithms and Machine Learning are opened in more detail. Legal environment, focusing to Estonian current situation is covered as well as topics like privacy, cybersecurity, ethics. In the end simulation procedure and general safety concerns are pointed out.

Listen FinEst Centre's Research & Innovation Seminar (RIS) about Future Mobility project: